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Guide for field of law jargons Blog
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Guide for field of law jargons

Law Processes and Courtroom exchange of conversation are simply hard and extensive at points as there are countless jargons that people in the field uses, that reason alone render new clients to be afraid or fear the process itself and results oftentimes to forfeit their cases as well as their hopes to claim their justice. For starters, jargons are unique words or expressions that exists and varies field to field that one out of that certain field may find it difficult to understand. As Ryan LLP is concerned with our future clients and to avoid confusion among them, we have provided here a comprehensive guide to field of law jargons, this is divide into; pre-court, in court, and post-court jargons for easy understanding.

Pre Court 

Pre-trial is a meeting between the plaintiff and defendant, which usually takes place before they're set to go trial. They will discuss their case with one another in order to work out some compromises or find other ways of resolving their issue without going through costly legal proceedings.

  • Adjournment - To cancel a case or claim until a deadline time or in future place.
  • Deposition - Testimony of a witness that is made away from the court that can be used later on. 
  • Grounds - Cause why the claim occurred in the first place.
  • Party - Individuals involved in the case, it is divided in to two parties in a lawsuit -- Plaintiffs and defendanants sides.
  • Pre-trial - A proceeding held to clarify facts and points for both sides before the the official trials commence. 

In Court

Incourt refers to the appearance of both parties in the court of lawsuit.

  • Bench - Official term for the seat where judges seat. 
  • Exhibit - Showing of evidences in form of document, object or photograph.
  • Hearing - An examination that is conducted in lower grounds that would determine the defendant's innocence, if he/she should be charged with crime charged against with.
  • Motion - An appeal from the court to arrive with a decision; this decision is based upon legal dialogue and matters being presented.
  • Objection - A protest of a lawyer against irrelevant materials and arguement presented. 
  • Overruled - Validation of a material by the judge in contrary of lawyer's protest. 
  • Order - A written command by the judge. 
  • Rebuttal - A contradiction to what previously stated by another party; it may be verbally or visually presented. 
  • Statutes - Order made by legislature enveloped in a formal and written form.
  • Subpoena - A request done by non-defendant to represent someone in place of him such as a witness. 
  • Summons - A request by the court for someone's appearance, commonly given to defendants and witnesses. 
  • Sustained - Opposite of overruled, wherein an arguement is approved and acknowledged as valid. 
  • Withdrawn - An act of refusing or ignoring an arguement if they find it irrelevant and trivial, usually happens in an exchange of dialogue. 

Post Court 

 Post court refers to the collection of events and actions that judge and both parties take part of. 

  • Alimony - A legal obligation given to a person to provide for their spouse or offsprings. 
  • Custody -It's the care, control and maintenance of a child that can be awarded to only one parent following divorce proceedings or it could also mean your prized possessions at home or even where you are locked up after being arrested by police.
  • Decree - The official judicial decision of the judge, summary of consequences and how it will escalate after the trials. 
  • Final Judgement - Enforcement of the charges and decisions made by the court given to the individuals involved. 
  • Parole - Release of a prisoner for specific valid reasons for a specific amount of time or permanently depending on how lawful good a prisoner is in his detention
  • Plea Bargain - A type of negotiation where the defendant pleads guilty in exchange of shortened time of detention. 

 

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